Today, I found my sixth CME (August 15, 2010) so that I
could get my first three “n” values. Fortunately,
all the values are very close to each other!
After finishing off the calculations for the August 15 CME, I was asked,
by Dr. Dube, to create a spreadsheet that organized all the data neatly. The spreadsheet took me a while just because
I had to calculate the time the CME took to travel in days, hours, and seconds,
and halfway through the process I realized that I had done the conversions completely
wrong. Dr. Dube also told me about
eureqa, a program that can make a generalized formula for a set of data. I downloaded it on my computer, but I still
need to play around with it to understand how it works. I am glad that I have at least calculated
three “n” values, but it just seems like there is always so much work to be
done. I guess I have to just keep
pressing forward and get as much done as possible!

## Wednesday, July 31, 2013

## Tuesday, July 30, 2013

## Monday, July 29, 2013

## Friday, July 26, 2013

_{CME}*t+(1/2a)t

^{2}to get the acceleration, and then plug all the numbers into the overall equation a=A(V

_{CME}-V

_{wind})

^{n}. Due to the fact that there are two variables in this equation I need to find another CME so that I can divide out the constant (A) to get a value for the exponent (n). So, tomorrow I am going to continue the search for yet another CME so that I can get a value for “n”. I also just remembered that I need to plot Height vs. Time graphs for the CME that I found today. It feels really good to finally have a productive day and I hope the success continues into next week!

## Thursday, July 25, 2013

## Wednesday, July 24, 2013

## Tuesday, July 23, 2013

This morning I went with a few interns to the graduate
student symposium. We listened to a few
different talks on topics like fuel cells, Colt guns, and dusty galaxies. There was also a keynote speaker who talked about
the increasing female role at RIT and other colleges and universities. I finished up my title and abstract today,
and Dr. Dube really liked what I wrote!
I can’t believe that it is already week three and we are at our first
milestone already! This afternoon I
looked at the August 31, 2012 coronal mass ejection to find the actual time
that it took for that coronal mass ejection to reach Earth. I am a little concerned because the actual
time that I got was a lot longer than I expected, so I am probably going to go
back and look for mistakes tomorrow. The
data I am looking at now is from the GOES instrument and it provides X-ray,
proton, and electron flux graphs that show when the coronal mass ejection
actually hit Earth. I can’t find the
proper data for the May 11, 2011 and the September 2, 2012 coronal mass
ejections, though, so I may have to go back to the beginning and find another
coronal mass ejection to use.

Tomorrow, I am going back to the Color Science Hall to do a
second trial for Maggie Castle’s senior project and it is also movie day! Hopefully I can also resolve some of the
problems that arose today!

## Monday, July 22, 2013

I got the chance to talk to Dr. Dube today about the second
half of the research that I am going to conduct this summer! I have already calculated
the speeds of enough coronal mass ejections, and have also found the ideal times
that they take to reach Earth. Now, I
have to find how long these different coronal mass ejections actually took to
reach Earth. After comparing the ideal
time with the actual time, I can then observe the drag effect that is caused by
the solar wind. My goal this summer is
to find out the “exponent of the power law” in the equation; a= A (V

_{CME}-V_{wind})^{n}The variables of the equation stand for:
a= acceleration

A= constant

V

_{CME}= speed of the coronal mass ejection (km/s)
V

_{wind}= speed of the solar wind (km/s)
n= exponent of the power law

By using various data points I will hopefully be able to
calculate the “n” variable and fulfill my task for the summer!

I also went to the Color Science Hall to help Maggie Castle
complete her senior project! I had to rate 37 different color samples based on
how saturated I thought they were. It
was a little confusing at first but I actually thought it was pretty fun, and I
am glad I was able to help her out!

## Thursday, July 18, 2013

## Wednesday, July 17, 2013

Great news! I finished up my calculations for the August 31, 2012 coronal mass ejection and the speed that I found was very close to the recorded speed! That meant that I could start looking for another CME and I was thrilled that it didn't take me that long to find even another coronal mass ejection that had data from the SOHO, STEREO-A, and STEREO-B satellites. I completed all three Height vs. Time graphs for this CME, which occurred on May 5, 2011. Tomorrow, I am going to calculate the final speed for this CME and then study the three CMEs that I have completed so far and try to look for any patterns in the way solar wind affects these CMEs.

Since today was Wednesday, the interns had another fun weekly pizza and movie lunch. Our movie was about the art of presentations. There were many useful ideas that I will have to remember to use when I have to give my final presentation on August 23!

## Tuesday, July 16, 2013

## Monday, July 15, 2013

## Friday, July 12, 2013

Today, I continued to work
on the September 2, 2012 CME. I finished up the final Height vs. Time graph
from the STEREO-A after talking to Dr. Dube about the issue I mentioned
yesterday. Just as I was finally done with all of the graphs, I realized that I
had measured the CMEs from the SOHO satellite starting at the center of the sun,
but had done the STEREO-A and STEREO-B measurements starting at the edge of the
sun. I had to redo all the measurements and then convert those new measurements
from pixels to kilometers! I am now starting to
collect all of the data to get the final speed of the CME so that I can predict
when it will reach Earth, but I have to ask Dr. Dube on Monday how to
standardize all the measurements that I will be getting as I am taking them from
various images and instruments. I am anxious to finish at least one CME but feel
good, as I am definitely making progress. I also located two more CMEs that took
place later that same day, so those will be the next CMEs that I will
research.

On another note, all the interns had a BBQ
today! I had a delicious hamburger and an amazing fruit salad! I also really
enjoyed playing volleyball with the other interns. Tonight, I leave for Niagara Falls with my family for
the weekend. I can't wait to see them!!

## Thursday, July 11, 2013

I made a ton of progress today on a CME that took place on September 2, 2012. I was finally able to find data from all three instruments, so I was really excited about that! I had to measure each ejection frame by frame, convert pixels to kilometers, and then place the numbers into a Height vs. Time graph that I made on Excel. I went through this process three times using the images from the three different satellites (SOHO, STEREO-A, and STEREO-B). Crunching all the numbers took longer than I thought, but I was relieved to find one coronal mass ejection that I have sufficient data for. Tomorrow, I will finish the final graph. However, I am not sure how as some of the coronal mass ejection from the STEREO-A satellite was cut out of the picture. I will ask Dr. Dube. I will also get some measurements to find the speed of this coronal mass ejection, and hopefully with that I can then predict how long it took that coronal mass ejection to reach Earth. I had a really great day and I can't wait for our BBQ tomorrow. There will be a volleyball net and water balloons, so it should be loads of fun!!

## Wednesday, July 10, 2013

## Tuesday, July 9, 2013

I finally started my summer internship at RIT
yesterday! After traveling about 6 hours from Connecticut to
Rochester I was excited to meet the other interns and my advisor, Dr. Roger
Dube. I just couldn’t wait to experience what it is like to work in a real
laboratory and research the topic that I have been studying for the last
two years in my Authentic Science Research (ASR) program at school - solar
storms

*.*
It was fun to start our day by participating in a
scavenger hunt that sent us to various landmark

**locations around the RIT campus. Not only were we able to familiarize ourselves with the campus ,but we also learned more about each other and started becoming friends.***After the scavenger hunt we had a group discussion about the handbook that covered topics like attendance, attire, ground rules, and lunch breaks. Afterwards, I was able to meet my advisor, Dr. Roger Dube. He gave me some readings to complete over the summer and a laptop to do all my work on, and he even started teaching me about what I will be doing this summer which was really great! Basically, I will be calculating the speeds of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and then I will examine how solar wind affects those speeds to measure how long it takes for the CME to reach Earth. It was a really awesome first day and it made me really excited to see what the rest of the summer has in store!*
Today I attended our second group meeting at 8:45 this
morning. Some of the interns shared the work that they had already
started and we also talked about how to get access cards for our specific labs.
The rest of the day I just spent researching coronal mass ejections that hit
the Earth and, using measurements from SOHO, STEREO A, and STEREO B, I calculated
the speeds of the coronal mass ejections. The coronal mass ejection that I
studied today occurred on June 23, 2012.

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